LAMP (software bundle)

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How to setup a lamp stack using Ubuntu.
Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP

Setup

Install Ubuntu

Just download and install
I recommend Ubuntu Mate since it uses LightDM desktop manager and Mate desktop which are compatible with x11vnc.
If you don't need a desktop or are low on storage, you can also install Ubuntu Server.

Note
  • Other popular linux distros for servers are Debian and CentOS. See Linux distributions for more info.
    • I do not have much experience with these RHEL distros.

Install Apache

See [1]

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

# Enable some basic modules
sudo a2enmod rewrite

Installing PHP

Reference
Installing PHP 7.3 on Ubuntu 16.04

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
sudo apt update
sudo apt install php7.3
# Install apache module for php
sudo apt install libapache2-mod-php7.3
sudo a2enmod php7.3
# Install some common extensions
sudo apt install php7.3-common php7.3-mysql php7.3-xml php7.3-xmlrpc php7.3-curl php7.3-gd php7.3-imagick php7.3-cli php7.3-dev php7.3-imap php7.3-mbstring php7.3-opcache php7.3-soap php7.3-zip php7.3-intl -y

# Restart apache2
sudo service apache2 restart
Important Notes
  • Always use a version when installing things if you don't want things to break when you do updates
    • I.e. php7.3-common instead of php-common


Installing MariaDB

See https://downloads.mariadb.org/mariadb/repositories/

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo apt-key adv --fetch-keys 'https://mariadb.org/mariadb_release_signing_key.asc'
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64,arm64,ppc64el] http://sfo1.mirrors.digitalocean.com/mariadb/repo/10.4/ubuntu bionic main'

sudo apt update
sudo apt install mariadb-server

Securing for Production

MariaDB and MySQL provide a bash command mysql_secure_installation.
This command does the following:

  • Sets a root password
  • Remove anonymous users
  • Disallow root login remotely
  • Removes test databases
sudo mysql_secure_installation

Misc

  • Install nodejs via nvm

Firewall

If you're using a VPS or computer connected directly to the internet, you will want to install a firewall.
See UbuntuWiki: UncomplicatedFirewall
See Digital ocean ufw essentials

sudo ufw allow ssh/tcp
sudo ufw logging on
sudo ufw enable
sudo ufw status

You should get an output like:

Status: active

To                         Action      From
--                         ------      ----
22/tcp                     ALLOW       Anywhere
22/tcp (v6)                ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)

To enable certain ports:

ufw allow 80/tcp
ufw allow 443/tcp