LAMP (software bundle)

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How to setup a lamp stack using Ubuntu.
Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP


Install Ubuntu

Download and install the latest Ubuntu LTS.

If you need VNC, I recommend downloading Ubuntu Desktop and installing x11vnc, lightdm, and cinnamon.
If you don't need a desktop or are low on storage, you can just install Ubuntu Server.

  • Other popular linux distros for servers are Debian and CentOS.
    • See Linux distributions for more info.
    • I do not have much experience with these RHEL distros: Fedora, CentOS.

Install Apache

See [1]

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

# Enable some basic modules
sudo a2enmod rewrite

Installing PHP

Installing PHP 7.3 on Ubuntu 16.04

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
sudo apt update
sudo apt install php7.3
# Install apache module for php
sudo apt install libapache2-mod-php7.3
sudo a2enmod php7.3
# Install some common extensions
sudo apt install php7.3-common php7.3-mysql php7.3-xml php7.3-xmlrpc php7.3-curl php7.3-gd php7.3-imagick php7.3-cli php7.3-dev php7.3-imap php7.3-mbstring php7.3-opcache php7.3-soap php7.3-zip php7.3-intl -y

# Restart apache2
sudo service apache2 restart
Important Notes
  • Always use a version when installing things if you don't want things to break when you do updates
    • I.e. php7.3-common instead of php-common

Installing MariaDB


sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo apt-key adv --fetch-keys ''
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64,arm64,ppc64el] bionic main'

sudo apt update
sudo apt install mariadb-server

Securing for Production

MariaDB and MySQL provide a bash command mysql_secure_installation.
This command does the following:

  • Sets a root password
  • Remove anonymous users
  • Disallow root login remotely
  • Removes test databases
sudo mysql_secure_installation


  • Install nodejs via nvm


If you're using a VPS or computer connected directly to the internet, you will want to install a firewall.
See UbuntuWiki: UncomplicatedFirewall
See Digital ocean ufw essentials

sudo ufw allow ssh/tcp
sudo ufw logging on
sudo ufw enable
sudo ufw status

You should get an output like:

Status: active

To                         Action      From
--                         ------      ----
22/tcp                     ALLOW       Anywhere
22/tcp (v6)                ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)

To enable certain ports:

ufw allow 80/tcp
ufw allow 443/tcp